What Is CBD?
Overview of CBD
Historically, cannabis has been seen almost as a dirty word because of the laws and stigma surrounding marijuana. In current times, we are learning that cannabis is actually not as dangerous as people originally thought, which has been changing people’s perspectives of the uses of cannabis products and their potential benefits.
For those who come from an era that was convinced marijuana was as deadly as heroin (note that it is still categorized as a Schedule 1 substance), it can be a little bewildering to see dispensaries pop up in certain states that sell marijuana. However, there is a new product that has seen a boom in recent years, which is composed of a compound commonly known as CBD.
CBD, also known as Cannabidiol, is a chemical compound that comes from a hemp plant, which is made up of about 113 different cannabinoids. CBD makes up about 40% of a cannabis plant and is the second most common chemical compound found in the plant. Of all the cannabinoids that occur naturally in a cannabis plant, cannabidiol (CBD), cannabigerol (CBG), and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the most recognized.
As a product that has seen a complete change in the world’s perception of it, CBD has been said to have many positive effects for people. But before somebody decides to give it a try, whether it be for pain relief or just for fun, it’s important to understand important characteristics of the product, whether it’s understanding where it comes from, how it is compared to THC, how it came to be legal, and how it affects the human body.
Where Does CBD Come From?
Although the CBD compound can be found in psychoactive cannabis, which is the marijuana plant, most CBD products on the market are extracted and separated from the hemp plant, which is not psychoactive. CBD is the second most common compound found in cannabis plants, making up around 40% of extracts.
Hemp and marijuana are both cannabis plants that look very similar, and both are harvested for the flower buds that form in their stalk. The two plants are different in terms of its effect, which we will learn in the next section, but the extracts that farmers use will determine the concentrations of the plants with the ratio determining if the plant is federally legal CBD or if it is THC, which is legal depending on the state.
Remains federally illegal, with the exception of certain states
Contains more than 0.03% THC
compound, typically 5-20%
Federally legal if production is followed by laws and regulations
Contains 0.03% THC compound or less
The Legal Side of CBD and Hemp
Unlike marijuana, hemp has been legalized throughout the United States in the 2018 Farm Bill signed into legislation by President Trump, drastically changing the way we look at hemp as opposed to previous laws in place. For decades, in the eyes of the law, hemp has been categorized as the same as other cannabis plants, initially made illegal through the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 and then formally introduced into legislation under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, banning any and all types of cannabis.
Although it is now legal for farmers to grow and distribute hemp, there are a lot of restrictions and certain licensure that must go into who can grow it and where. Not only are there shared regulations on hemp cultivation on the state and federal levels, but there is a strict 0.03% THC limit in hemp cannabis plants that legally cannot be exceeded. Any amount of THC that exceeds that amount in a cannabis plant would be considered marijuana, which does not have the same federal legal protections as hemp.
It’s important to understand that, even for farmers who are approved to grow hemp, there are very strict regulations and guidelines that must be followed. Products that are made from hemp are no longer a Schedule 1 substance under the Controlled Substances Act because of the Farm Bill, but CBD in itself is still considered to be a Schedule 1 substance with exception in certain circumstances. In order to be considered federally legal and exempt from being considered a Schedule 1 substance, CBD products must adhere to the regulations outlined in the Farm Bill and are only considered legal if they are produced from a licensed farmer (or grower).
How CBD Affects The Body
The cannabinoid molecules found in CBD interact with the human body’s endocannabinoid system but are not psychoactive, so people do not experience that “high” that is usually felt when somebody ingests marijuana. Most CBD contains some THC, which is the compound that makes people feel high, but it legally cannot contain any more than 0.03% or less.
Cannabinoids can either be consumed as phytocannabinoids (the molecule synthesized within the plant) but are also made naturally within the body, which is where the endocannabinoid system comes in. The endocannabinoid system in humans is responsible for balancing and regulating many different processes in the body that affect sleep, appetite, memory, and more.
Since there is still ongoing research on the effects of CBD on the human body, there is a lot of misinformation out there about what CBD is intended to target in terms of pain relief. Derived from the cannabis plant, CBD oil is one of the more common forms that people utilize for pain and symptom relief. Although we don’t have all the answers about CBD and its effect on the human body, what we’ve found so far has shown that CBD oil is anti-inflammatory, which is what makes it such a great pain reliever but it can also be used to treat acne. The biggest thing to remember is that CBD is intended to relieve pain and make it manageable, but it doesn’t treat disease or other ailments.
It is easy to become misinformed about the effects of CBD on the body, whether that misinformation is saying that CBD will cause harm or that CBD will cure disease. Research is rigorous and is always coming out with more proven information, but if a person is interested in giving CBD a try, it is important that they consult a physician to see if CBD would be beneficial for them.
Common Types Of CBD Products
There are a lot of different types of CBD products that people can choose from depending on their preference and the sort of pain they might be experiencing. If someone needs pain relief for an aching shoulder, a CBD topical or lotion would be the best option, but if that person is experiencing trouble sleeping, then oral ingestion might be of a better use for them. For the most part, when it comes to deciding which kind of CBD to take, it mostly depends on the person’s preference and what they need from their product.
Capsules and Gummies
Add CBD into your daily routine as a dietary supplement in the edible form of capsules and gummies, especially since it can be taken at the same time you might take other vitamins or medications, such as in the morning before you head out for the day. They are easier to take than tinctures, you just take the recommended daily dose with water and you’re set for the day. Or, enjoy some flavorful and edible gummies whenever is convenient for similar effects. The catch with using gummies or other CBD edibles is that the effects take longer to set in, but have a much longer effect than something like vape juice which kicks in fast.
Companies have started adding CBD to their topicals, lotions, gels, and even lip balms to utilize the benefits it can have on the skin. CBD is often used as an anti-inflammatory product, so it could be used to treat acne, psoriasis, anti-aging, cracked and sore lips, tattoos and more! Since it’s such a great way to treat inflammation, people can use it to target specific areas they might be feeling pain. So if somebody has sore knees or shoulders, the CBD topicals can be applied by rubbing them into the skin at the area in which there is pain.
Vape Juice and Pods
This is a particular favorite for anybody who has a vape pen and would prefer to take their daily dose of CBD this way. It is very easy to fill your pen with vape juice before you head out for the day, and vape juice containers are easy to transport around in your bag in case you need to refill during the day.
Depending on the type of vape you use, you might benefit from CBD pods that function similarly to Juul pods that can be switched out for fresh pods. Some are even compatible with Juul vape pens.
Pet Treats and Oils
A question that a lot of CBD users with pets want to know the answer: Can I give CBD oil to my dog or my cat? The short answer is, yes, but there are certain precautions you should take before you decide to treat your furry friend. Most who sell CBD include pet treats and oils in their product lists, so be sure to do your research before you decide to give CBD to your pet. The best way to ensure CBD is good for your pet, consult your veterinarian.
Other Favorite CBD Products
There are so many different ways to take CBD products depending on your preference. A lot of people would be surprised to know that CBD can be smoked in the form of flower similar to how marijuana flower bud is usually smoked, only the bud doesn’t have psychoactive elements like THC does. Another similarity in consumption methods is CBD concentrates that are similar to THC concentrates in a sense that the dosage is far more potent and has a stronger effect.
There is almost no limit on the products and flavors associated with CBD. With your own research, you’ll be able to find the product that is right for you!